BATC Malaysia

Green Solution

Bionas leads the group comprising International Construction Consortium and Multi-National Companies in various field of Property Development, Construction, Infrastructure and Concessionaires, Asset Management, Industrial Building System (IBS), Green Prefab Construction Technologies, Biofuel & Clean Energy Technologies, Waste to Energy, Sea Water Conversion Technology, Desertification Technology, ICT & Multimedia and many other disciplines which are ready and enable to start the projects at the shortest possible notification.

Bio-fuel

Bionas is the World leader in Jatropha based biofuels and clean energy with a presence in 52 countries worldwide. Bionas’s core biofuel production technologies are Nano-emulsion and Polarization. Bionas uses these technologies and Crude Jatropha Oil as the base material to produce additive for the production of B20 Bio-gasoline, B20 Bio-diesel, B25 Bio-heavy fuel, Super Bio-jet fuel, Bio-super lube additive, Bio-booster tablet and BEES-coal enhancer, proven in reducing emission up to 97% and savings on fuel consumption up to 30%. These products have been scientifically tested, registered and internationally certified by reputable agencies and government bodies including SGS, INTERTEK, United States Environmental Protection Agency (U.S EPA) and the United Nations Climate Technology Centre & Network (CTCN).

Nano-emulsion Technology is a chemical process of blending water, Bionas additive and fossil fuel which in-turn reacts and mix to form stable bonds with each other.

HOW DOES OUR BIOFUEL WORK?

Pictures above shows how the engine works and the burning takes place;

Picture (a) shows incomplete combustion with the normal fuel

Picture (b) shows more complete combustion with the use of biofuel using Nano-Emulsion technology

Generally, and briefly describing, Polarization Technology allows for alignment of positive and negative ions of elements and this is achieved under high pressure and highly magnetic environment.

Polarization Chemical Structure
  • B20 Bio-Diesel for Diesel Based Engines & Heavy Industrial Machinery
  • B20 Bo-Petrol Gasoline for Petrol/Gasoline based engine
  • B25 Bio-Heavy Fuel for Shipping and Heavy Industry
  • Bio-Energy Emission Solution as Coal Enhancer
  • Bio-Jet Fuel for Aviation Industry

WTE (Waste-to-Energy)

Waste Management

The technology in which anaerobic digestion of manure, bio-solids, food waste, other organic waste water streams or a combination of these feed stocks occurs. This process produces biogas (a blend of methane and carbon dioxide). This technology comes from our fermentation plant that convert organic waste into biogas for producing electricity.

The technology of thermal decomposition of waste in the absence of the external oxygen supply. The pyrolysis process takes place under the temperatures typically around 500 °C. The gaseous product of pyrolysis can undergo one of the following transformations in downstream processes:

  1. Cooling down followed by oil condensing; liquefaction is applicable for a limited number of feedstocks, such as plastics or rubber;
  2. Cracking and cleaning in order to be used as fuel in a gas engine; pyrolysis gas conditioning is a complicated problem and additional drawback is that further treatment of the pyrolysis char will be performed at the high temperatures around 1500 °C (maintenance issues);
  3. Secondary combustion in a boiler to generate the steam, which consequently will be sent to steam turbine to generate electricity; further enhancing steam cycle allows combining simplicity and reliability in operation with the improved energy generation.

 

Our pyrolysis plant converts waste rubber and plastic into fuel oil, carbon black, metal and syngas.

The technology that separating the component substances from a liquid mixture by selective evaporation and condensation. Distillation may result in essentially complete separation (nearly pure components), or it may be a partial separation that increases the concentration of selected components of the mixture. In either case the process exploits differences in the volatility of mixture's components. In industrial chemistry, distillation is a unit operation of practically universal importance, but it is a physical separation process and not a chemical reaction. Our distillation plant converts fuel oil produced from the pyrolysis plant into non-standard diesel oil, non-standard gasoline oil, heavy oil and syngas.

Electricity Production

Biogas will be powered by first biogas from fermentation plant and fuel as standby. Biogas will be produced by the anaerobic systems; then removal of dust, dewatering, desulfurization, after pressurized and pretreatment, used as fuel, into the Biogas Power Generator for electricity.

This project fuel is collected by the anaerobic fermentation tank; Its composition and quality have a big gap for entering the MWM Biogas Power Generator requirement, so pretreatment needs to be done. Produced electricity is fed to local grid.

In the engine cylinder, after the air filter filtered clean air and the nozzle spray out of the high-pressure atomized fuel oil fully mixed in the piston upstream extrusion, the volume shrinks, the temperature quickly increase to the Ignition degree of fuel oil. Fuel oil is ignited, mixed gas produces a violent combustion, the volume of rapid expansion, to promote the piston down, known as 'work'. The cylinder is in a certain order to work. The thrust on the piston through the connecting rod into the power to promote the crankshaft rotation, thus, the crankshaft rotates. The brushless synchronous alternator and fuel oil engine crankshaft coaxial installation, we can use the rotation of the fuel oil engine to drive the rotor, take use of electromagnetic induction principle, the generator will output the induced electromotive force, the current is generated by a closed load loop.

The technology that separating the component substances from a liquid mixture by selective evaporation and condensation. Distillation may result in essentially complete separation (nearly pure components), or it may be a partial separation that increases the concentration of selected components of the mixture. In either case the process exploits differences in the volatility of mixture's components. In industrial chemistry, distillation is a unit operation of practically universal importance, but it is a physical separation process and not a chemical reaction. Our distillation plant converts fuel oil produced from the pyrolysis plant into non-standard diesel oil, non-standard gasoline oil, heavy oil and syngas.

Community Grid

The Community Grid solar solution, a new energy hybrid power solution, devotes to solve the electricity shortage in the off-grid areas, to improve the peoples’ living standard in these areas, especially in remote villages.

The Community Grid solar solution takes solar energy as the main power, lithium battery bank as energy storage material, and supplies power at night or cloudy/rainy days.

Considering there is no power transmission line in the off-grid area, this hybrid solution can also supply a micropower transmission and distribution line and access every terminal user. An off-line prepay system metering the use of electricity.

The Community Grid solar solution can help develop national basic infrastructures and people’s living standards contributes to a country’s economic development.

Solar energy plant is installed on all buildings in the community, i.e., residential, commercial, and industrial buildings to be fitted with solar-powered rooftop. Ground-mounted solar farm to support the balance electrical needs and the excess energy to be stored in lithium battery banks for night-time and emergency usage.

Portable Drinking Water Treatment

Effluent Treatment Plant (ETP)

A sludge drying bed is a common method utilized to dewater sludge via filtration and evaporation. Perforated pipes situated at the bottom of the bed are used to drain seepage water or filtrate. A reduction of about 35% or less in moisture content is expected after drying. Sludge drying beds are usually situated beside treatment plants to readily receive and treat incoming sludge coming from primary or secondary treatment facilities. Sludge will automatically transfer to pyrolysis plant for treatment. After fermenting, water will recycle back to fermentation plant and dewatering plant.

Clarifiers are settling tanks built with mechanical means for continuous removal of solids being deposited by sedimentation. A clarifier is generally used to remove solid particulates or suspended solids from liquid for clarification and (or) thickening. Concentrated impurities, discharged from the bottom of the tank are known as sludge, while the particles that float to the surface of the liquid are called scum.

The Pressure Sand Filter consists of a multiple layer of sand with a variety in size and specific gravity. These Filters are designed to remove turbidity and suspended particles present in the feed water with minimum pressure drop. These Filters are custom designed to suit the process requirement. Water flows down wards through the filter bed and as the suspended matter, which is treated by addition of a coagulant like alum or poly electrolyte, is retained on the sand surface and between the sand grains immediately below the surface. There is steady rise in the loss of head over a period of time and the flow reduces once the pressure drop across the filter is excessive.

The filter is then taken out of service and cleaning of the filter media is affected by flow reversal also called as backwash. To assist in cleaning the bed, the backwash operation is sometimes preceded by air scouring by way of agitation through the under-drain system. The air scouring agitates the sand with a scrubbing action, which loosens the intercepted particles. The filter is now ready to be put back into service.

Granular activated carbon (GAC) is commonly used for removing organic constituents and residual disinfectants in water supplies. This not only improves taste and minimizes health hazards; it protects other water treatment units such as reverse osmosis membranes and ion exchange resins from possible damage due to oxidation or organic fouling. Activated carbon is a favored water treatment technique because of its multifunctional nature and the fact that it adds nothing detrimental to the treated water. 

The treatment of water by resins goes a step further than standard contaminant filters by physically changing the chemistry of water, and extracting previously difficult to remove dissolved solids, salts and ions. There are two general types of ion exchange resins: those that exchange positive ions, called catIon resins, and those that exchange negative ions, called anion resins.

Industrialized Building System in Construction (IBS)

An industrialized building system (IBS) is a technique of construction whereby components are manufactured in a controlled environment, either at the site or off-site, placed and assembled into construction works. Worldwide, IBS is also known as Pre-fabricated/Pre-fab Construction, Modern Method of Construction (MMC), and Off-site Construction. The content of IBS (IBS Score) is determined based on the Malaysian Construction Industry Standard 18 (CIS 18: 2010); either manually, web application, or fully automated CAD-based IBS Score calculator.

IBS is also defined as an integrated manufacturing and construction process, carefully planned organization, and efficient management, preparation, and control of resources, activities, and results from the highly developed components. The manufacturing of the components is done with machines, templates, and other forms of machinery and equipment. Components manufactured off-site, once completed, will be delivered to the General Assembly and erection of the construction site.

ICT Infrastructure

ICT Infrastructure which will form the core backbone of all the systems and application that will enable correct and quality service delivery to all stakeholders within the development.

ICT Development Concept – The Green Smart City

The Planners are aiming at developing Agropolitan centers with the Smart Green City concept. While Green implies the agricultural activities that drive the township’s existence, adopting global benchmark or measurements for becoming a smart city.

The objective of comprehensive ICT planning and design is to realize the following outcomes; inclusive society, Quality of Life, Eco-efficient economy, Modernizing Government, Innovative SMEs, and Innovation & Growth. The strategies laid out in achieving these “OUTCOMES” are through; promoting digital skills and knowledge, providing a platform of knowledge development; enabling information sharing and systems integration across the industry through secure and scalable infrastructure.

In addressing the fundamental needs of modern Agropolitan citizens, the following designing philosophy pillars were adopted. They are Secure identity with biometrics recognition and security management; Central data processing and integration for tracking of every transaction; Well-informed and inter-connected society; No Paper and cashless environment; Enterprise Resource Planning with Point of Transaction (POT) accounting; Support country’s agriculture vision and youth development programs; Global model for Agropolitan and Compliance and alignment to government policies and initiatives

There are 3 technology clusters that will be developed for the Agropolitan development. They are

  • Business Applications: that will form the core of business and operation systems for BIONAS Development Berhad,
  • E-Applications: these are resident facing solutions that will manage commerce, day-to-day life in the development, and
  • ICT Infrastructure which will form the core backbone of all the systems and application that will enable correct and quality service delivery to all stakeholders within the development.

Development of Investment Grade Assets

Intended to convert the Custodians of the “green asset” with a certifiable interest in maintaining the quality of the environment through commercial scheduled and approved activities.

  • A scalable minimum biodiversity per development area of commercial value shall be introduced in order to achieve improved environmental quality
  • Broadly and specifically anchored on to the revenue generated by the identified project/area managed by the Custodian
  • Sustainability is built in this identified and Project is structured as Productive Asset Classes delivering a schedule of products into the market
  • CO2 Certified by Dedicated Science Platform.
  • Registered and traded on Green Stock Exchange

Corporatisation:

Close cooperation between private and public sectors. This is premised on the belief and conviction that economic growth and overall development can be facilitated by the close cooperation between the private and public sectors.

Public Sector prospers the Private Sector: Governments to fine-tune their policies especially in the macroeconomic policies with a view to making the environment more conducive for business development and success. The more prosperous the private sector the more revenue the government will collect. In addition, a vibrant and expanding private sector will create jobs, increase income all around and help stabilize the social and political climate.

Privatisation:

Public business, industry, and services entities will be privatized at the maximum possible level. These entities will be corporatized into a profit center and transform into Strategic Business Units (SBUs). At the right time, these SBUs will be listed on Stock Market.

Sharing of Wealth

Formation of Land Owners Cooperative

All the Land Owners within the development area will be group into a Cooperative with shares according to the value of their land.

The Cooperative will be owning equity in the Agropolitan main SPV. At the end of the Concession period the equity of BATC will be handed over to the Land Owner Cooperative.

Contribution to Corporate Social Responsibilities Fund (CSRF)

Every major business operating within the Agropolitan will be required to contribute to CSRF. The fund will be utilised for:

  • Corporate and Social Responsibilities activities including Public Health and Education.
  • To assist the Agropolitan Administrator and Government in running the new townships and cities developed within the Agropolitan Development Area. That is to cover any shortfall between the Municipalities Income against Expenditure. The Major expenses expected to cover are Staff Salaries and Municipal Upkeep.  At least 70% of the provision is allocated for this purpose. It is planned that the running of these new towns and cities will be handed to a Concessionaire for a period of 25 years.

 

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